PABLO PICASSO (1881 - 1973)
The Blue Period (1901-1904)
The Rose Period (1904-1906)
In 1904, Picasso’s style changed and more colors were introduced in his style. Especially shades of rose, which is why this time is referred to as his Rose period. The subject matters he painted were still often somber, depressing or disturbing, but brighter colors reappeared in his work. During these years, Picasso fell in love with a married model named Fernande Oliver, who refused to abandon her husband for him. Picasso also found himself fascinated by
performers at the circuses he attended with Fernande. Many of his paintings from this era feature circus performers, who Picasso saw as the outcasts of Paris’ society.
African Influence (1907-1918)
In 1907, Picasso became fascinated with African sculptures and their shapes. It is argued that these sharp angles were the inspiration for what we now call the Cubist Movement. He began by painting profile noses onto frontal views of faces, but the style soon evolved to include a much wider range of subjects.
Return to Classicism (1918-1936)
Picasso settled down and married his first wife Olga Khokhlova. At first, Picasso returned to a more conventional style as he painted dancers and mothers with children. As his struggles with his celebrity status increased, his style changed again and again and he delved into surrealism. During this time, Picasso had an affair with a young nurse in charge of his child.
Picasso's work became political for a short while, including a mural he painted depicting the bombing of Guernica. Picasso actively handed the Nazis copies of anti-war prints he had produced during the occupation of France.